Research into Detection
of
Natural Ultra Low Frequency Phenomena

 

For more Information go to THEORY AND SENSOR DETAILS PAGE


Release 1.03 03/19/2013

Peter Newton: pwnewton42@yahoo.co.uk

Tony Devencenzi: frostalarm@att.net



Research into Detection of Natural Ultra Low Frequency Phenomena By Peter Newton and Tony Devencenzi


What follows are some of the experiments we have carried out in detection of naturally occuring ultra low frequency phenomena, over the past year. Tony lives in California, USA and Peter lives in Scotland, UK, so our geographical difference affords us the ability to do joint experiments and compare our recordings.

In general, the purpose of the tests was to detect naturally occuring ultra low frequency electrical and magnetic phenomena. We also wanted to see the effect our geographical positions had on the events we detected.

We each have built identical apparatus, consisting of a sensor circuit, a Velleman VM-110 USB, analog to digital converter and our PC's running Abacom RealView 3.0 chart recording software.

Some of our sensors were based on earlier designs described on the home page of this site, but were improved and enhanced by our colaborative work during the past year. Additionally, the Op-Amp Sensor and the Caduceus Coil Sensor, are of new design. Below is a simple description of the sensors used in this series of tests.

General: The sensors consist of a sensor element, a conditioning amplifier and a Velleman VM-110 Analog to Digital converter / USB interface, to connect to a personal computer. The PC is running Abacom RealView chart recorder software.

In addition to the identical Velleman VM-110 setups used by both Tony and Peter, in some tests, Peter also used a Dataq Analog to digital converter with USB interface. This device comes with its own chart recorder software called Windaq. Some of these charts are also included with the test result images below.

The Op-Amp Sensor: This sensor consists of a J-FET Op-Amp IC chip, with a high gain inverting feedback and open (not connected) inputs. There is a secondary amplifier stage, with a single stage diode, resistor and filter-capacitor integrator circuit. The sensor also uses a third amplifier that is part of the Velleman VM-110 USB interface board, for additional Gain. This sensor is enclosed in a shielded steel case. This circuit is not operating in self-oscillation, but its output is the product of a natural daily cycle. For lack of a better explanation, it is believed that the phenomenon is reacting to, is scalar energy.

The E-Field Sensor: The detector element, is a simple short telescoping antenna 30 to 60 inches long. There is a 0.1 uF capacitor to ground, at the output of the antenna, to provide a low resonant frequency and to bypass any RF energy detected. The amplifier is very similar to the one described in the Op-Amp sensor. Lastly, a dual stage integrator circuit, integrates the electric activity into a varying DC voltage. This sensor circuit (except for the Antenna) is enclosed in a shielded steel case.

The Electrolytic Capacitor Sensor: (Also called the Hodowanec Effect Sensor, after Gregory Hodowanec who first discovered the ULF sensing capabilities of capacitors). Similar in construction to the E-Field Sensor, but with a large electrolytic capacitor in place of the antenna, as the detecting element. The capacitor functions as a detector and generates a small ultra low frequency voltage, in reaction to the naturally changing Scalar / Electric ULF field. The detector's amplifier stage functions the same as the Op-Amp detector amplifier, described above. This sensor circuit is also enclosed in a shielded steel case.

The Aether-Magnetic Sensor: This sensor has three detecting or enhancing stages.

First, a Barkhausen detector. consisting of several hundred turns of copper wire wound around a steel plate type lamination core assembly, common to transformers and power inductors. When exposed to ultra low frequency changing magnetic fields, atomic level Barkhausen domains in the core, generate pulses that are induced into the copper winding.

Second, a 1000 uF electrolytic capacitor is connected in series with the coil. This capacitor functions not just as a DC blocking element, but also as a detector that generates a small ultra low frequency voltage, in reaction to the naturally changing ULF field. This places a continually changing bias on the Barkhausen coil, which has the effect of making it more sensitive to magnetic activity.

Third, the amplifier itself, like that described in the Op-Amp Sensor, above, is modulated by the naturally occuring scalar energy. This serves to further enhance sensitivity, beyond simple amplifier gain. Lastly, a dual stage integrator circuit, integrates the Barkhausen pulses into a varying DC voltage. This sensor is enclosed in a shielded steel case.

The Caduceus Coil Sensor: The original Caduceus coil detector was invented by our late colleague, Brian Sallur, of Western Australia Radio Observatory, to detect magnetic energies from the Sun and Stars, as a tool for astronomy. A Caduceus coil, is a coil wound back on itself,on a plastic tube form, with 'cross-over' points. This coil has a self-cancelling inductance. In this application, we are using a shielded multi-layer Caduceus Coil, to detect mainly changing magnetic field of the Earth and Sun. The circuit is similar to the Aether-Magnetic Sensor described above, except for the coil itself, which does not use the Barkhausen effect or a metal core. Here, the coil's 'cross-over' points themselves, are the sensing elements.

Types of Activity Detected:

Man Made. Local. Both electric and magnetic activity.

Solar. Relative to our geographical positions with respect to the Sun. Mainly magnetic activity.

Stellar. Relative to our geographical positions with respect to the constellations. Magnetic activity.

Lightning. Global. Lightning strikes create pulses that travel in the Schumann Corridor.

This is the space between the conductive Ionosphere and the surface of the Earth, at the speed of light. Mainly electric but also magnetic activity.

Unknown. Global. Magnetic or Electric activity that is detected simultaneously, without respect to our geographical positions.

For more information about theory, sensor constuction and operation, click on the link just below.

THEORY AND SENSOR DETAILS PAGE

Below are the most interesting of the tests we have performed so far and the conclusions we have drawn from them.

 

Joint Test 1 2012-04-24

Sensors Tested – E-Field & Aether-Magnetic

Circuit’s used – (Both sensors use Long TC circuit with 1000 uF capacitor on output)

E-Field Circuit \Circuits\efield20212.pdf

Aether-Magnetic Circuit \Circuits\amag20212.pdf

Duration of Test – 24 hour

Purpose of Test - To compare data recorded at same UTC times.

Findings - Aether-Magnetic recordings follow our local positions with respect to the sun. E-Field seems to follow local electrical activity.

Result Images

California Test 1\Test 1\T-2012-04-24.jpg

Scotland Test 1\Test 1\P-2012-04-24-25.jpg

Scotland Test 1\Test 1\WINDAQ - Test 2012-04-24.jpg

 

Joint Test 3 2012-05-08

Sensors Tested – E-Field & Aether-Magnetic

Circuit’s used - (Both sensors use Long TC circuit with 1000 uF capacitor on output)

E-Field Circuit \Circuits\efield20212.pdf

Aether-Magnetic Circuit \Circuits\amag20212.pdf

Duration of Test – 24 hour

Purpose of Test - To compare data recorded at same UTC times.

Findings -Similar to test 1, but with a few events in common to both our locations.

Result Images

California Test 3\Test 3\T-2012-05-08.jpg

Scotland Test 3\Test 3\P-2012-05-09.jpg

 

Joint Test 4 2012-05-14

Sensors Tested – Aether-Magnetic & Op-Amp

Circuit’s used – (Aether-Magnetic uses Long TC with 1000 uf and Op-Amp Sensor uses Short TC circuit with 10 uF on output)

Aether-Magnetic Circuit \Circuits\amag20212.pdf

Op-Amp Circuit \Circuits\opamp20212.pdf

Duration of Test – 24 hour

Purpose of Test – To see how our Op-Amp sensors and Aether-Magnetic sensors compare to each other and between our two recordings.

Findings – Op-Amp sensor has a daily cycle of its own and does not track Aether-Mag daily cycle.

Result Images

California Test 4\Test 4\T-2012-05-14.jpg

Scotland Test 4\Test 4\P-T-2012-05-14 Test 4.jpg

Scotland Test 4\Test 4\WINDAQ - P-2012-05-14.jpg

 

Joint Test 5 2012-05-22

Sensors Tested – 4700uf capacitor & P=80,000uf / T=94,000uf capacitor

Circuit’s used – Capacitor Sensor

Capacitor Sensor \Circuits\cap20212.pdf

Duration of Test 24 hour

Purpose of Test – To compare capacitors of different values as sensors.

Findings -Peter's 4700 uF had low output Peter's 80,000 uF, had major fluxuation over 24 hours as did Tony's 4700 uF and 94,000 uF.

Result Images

Scotland and California\Test 5\Merge P&T-2012-05-21 Test 5c.jpg

 

Joint Test 6 2012-05-31

Sensors Tested – P = 4700uf, 23,000uf, 80,000uf & 185,000uf capacitor

 - T= 4700uf, 23,000uf, 94,000uf, & 230,000uf capacitor

Duration of Test – 24 hour

Circuit’s used - Capacitor Sensor

Capacitor Sensor \Circuits\cap20212.pdf

Purpose of Test - To compare capacitors of different values as sensors.

Findings – All capacitors displayed different waves over 24 hours.

Result Images

Scotland and California Image 1\Test 6\P-2012-05-31 new merge 060412.jpg

Scotland and California Image 2\Test 6\P-2012-05-31 new merge 060412-B.jpg

 

Joint Test 8 2012-09-24

Sensors Tested

Day 1 = E-Field, Aether-Magnetic – N/S, Cad Coil-vertical N/S, Cad Coil – horizontal N/S

Day 2 = E-Field, Aether-Magnetic - E/W, Cad Coil-vertical E/W, Cad Coil – horizontal E/W

Circuit’s used - (Both sensors use Long TC circuit with 1000 uF capacitor on output)

E-Field Circuit \Circuits\efield20212.pdf

Aether-Magnetic Circuit \Circuits\amag20212.pdf

Caduceus Coil Circuit \Circuits\cad092412.pdf

Picture of Caduceus Coil Wound On Cardboard Tube \Circuits\cadcoilwinding.JPG

Note: Both Caduceus Coils were installed in grounded (earthed) metal enclosures.

Duration of Test – 2 x 24 hour (2 Days)

Purpose of Test – To compare Aether-Magnetic, E-Field and Caduceus sensors output, at both locations over 48 hours.

Findings -With Caduceus and Aether-Magnetic sensors changed in position from North-South to East-West for the second day of recording

Result Images

California Day 1\Test 8\T-2012-09-24C.jpg

California Day 2\Test 8\T-2012-09-25C.jpg

Scotland Day 1\Test 8\P-2012-09-24 both.jpg

Scotland Day 2\Test 8\P-2012-09-25 both.jpg

 

Joint Test 9 2012-11-06 to 09

Sensors Tested – E-Field & Aether-Magnetic

Circuit’s used -(Both sensors use Long TC circuit with 1000 uF capacitor on output)

E-Field Circuit \Circuits\efield20212.pdf

Aether-Magnetic Circuit \Circuits\amag20212.pdf

Duration of Test – 4 day continuous recording & 4 x 24 hour recordings

Purpose of Test – To compare Aether-Magnetic and E-Field data over four days.

Findings - Aether-Magnetic waves record daily cycles relative to our geographical positions, with respect to the sun. E-Field activity is from local electrical phenomena and also some common activity from both locations believed to be lightning.

Result Images

California 4 Day Merge 1\Test 9\T-efield-1-merge.jpg

California 4 Day Merge 2\Test 9\T-amag-2-merge.jpg

Scotland Day 1 Merge\Test 9\P-2012-11-05-MERGE.jpg

Scotland Day 2 Merge\Test 9\P-2012-11-06-MERGE.jpg

Scotland Day 3 Merge\Test 9\P-2012-11-07-MERGE.jpg

Scotland Day 4 Merge\Test 9\P-2012-11-08-MERGE.jpg

 

Joint Test 10b 2012-12-25 to 29

Sensors Tested – E-Field & Aether-Magnetic

Circuit’s used – (Both sensors use Long TC circuit with 1000 uF capacitor on output)

E-Field Circuit \Circuits\efield20212.pdf

Aether-Magnetic Circuit \Circuits\amag20212.pdf

Duration of Test – 4 day continues record with 4 x 24 hour record

Purpose of Test – Looking at trends in the recording.

Findings

1.       Match ups were found in all the sensors tested between both of our locations

2.       Below are our recordings for the four day period plus the matches that were found on one of the days, chosen at random (Day number 2)

Result Images

SC and CA 4 Days A-Mag\Test 10\P & T-2012-12-25 TO 29 A-MAG 4 DAYS Merged b.jpg

SC and CA 4 Day E-Field\Test 10\P & T-2012-12-25 TO 29 E-FIELD 4 DAYS Merged b.jpg

Scotland and California Day 2 A-Mag Matches\Test 10\T-P 2012-12-26 TO 27 A-MAG DAY 2 L.jpg

California Day 2 E-Field Matches\Test 10\P-T-Day 2 E-FIELD TONY MARKED.jpg

Scotland Day 2 E-Field Matches\Test 10\P&T-Day 2 W-Field merged e marked.jpg

Scotland Day 4 E-Field Matches\Test 10\P&T-Day 4 E-Field Merged Marked.jpg

 

Joint Test 11 2013-01-10 to 11

Sensors Tested – E-Field & Aether-Magnetic

Circuit’s used -(Both sensors NOW use Long TC circuit with 10 uF capacitor on output)

E-Field Circuit \Circuits\efield021513.pdf

Aether-Magnetic Circuit \Circuits\amag021513.pdf

Duration of Test – 24 hour test

Purpose of Test - Checking for lightning strikes between both of our locations

Findings

1.       Match ups were found in all the sensors tested between both of our locations

2.       We checked the full 24 hours for lightning strikes

3.       Output filter capacitors changed from 1000 uF to 10 uF. (Both Sensors)

Note – lightning data only available for Scotland form the Borders Weather website, URL http://www.bordersweather.co.uk/wxindex.php

Result Images

A-Mag Merged\Test 11\T-P-2013-01-10 A-MAG MERGED W GRID.jpg

E-Field Merged\Test 11\T-P-2013-01-10 E-FIELD MERGED W GRID.jpg

California A-Mag Matches\Test 11\T-P-2013-01-10 A-MAG MERGED MARKED.jpg

California E-Field Matches\Test 11\T-P-2013-01-10 E-FIELD MERGED MARKED.jpg

Scotland A-Mag Matches\Test 11\P-T-2013-01-10 to 11 J-T 11 A-Mag merged marked b.jpg

Scotland E-Field Matches\Test 11\P-T-2013-01-10 to 11 J-T 11 E-Field merged marked b.jpg

E-Field Matching 12 Hour Trend\Test 11\P-T- joint test 11 12 hour merge-b.jpg

Note: The above matches, are events that show up on large time spans. Lightning matches are usually only seen on charts with a time span of a few minutes.

Lightning Match Examples:

Scotland Example 1\Test 11\P-Lightning Match 01-47-02.jpg

California Example 1\Test 11\T-Lightning Match 01 47 02.jpg

Scotland Example 2\Test 11\P-Lightning Match 08-32-59.jpg

California Example 2\Test 11\T-Lightning Match 08 32 59.jpg

Scotland Example 3\Test 11\P-Lightning Match 17-51-54.jpg

California Example 3\Test 11\T-Lightning Match 17 51 54.jpg

Chart of Lightning Strikes (UK) \Test 11\Lightning Joint Test 11 Results v2.3.pdf

Note: On Chart, SC = Scotland, CA = California, E = Electric, M = Magnetic.

 

Joint Test 12 2013-01-22 to 23

Sensors Tested – E-Field & Aether-Magnetic

Circuit’s used - (Both sensors NOW use Long TC circuit with 10 uF capacitor on output)

E-Field Circuit \Circuits\efield021513.pdf

Aether-Magnetic Circuit \Circuits\amag021513.pdf

Duration of Test – 24 hour test

Purpose of Test – Re-checking for lightning strikes between both of our locations.

Findings

1.       Match ups were found in all the sensors tested between both of our locations

2.       A 41/2 hour trend was seen in the E-Field recording between both our locations.

3.       We each checked 2 x 1 hour segments at our locations and found about 60% matches with the data from the Borders Weather website

Note – lightning data only available for Scotland form the Borders Weather website, URL http://www.bordersweather.co.uk/wxindex.php

Result Images

A-Mag Merged\Test 12\T-P-2013-01-22 TO 23 A-MAG.JPG

E-Field Merged\Test 12\T-P-2013-01-22 TO 23 E-FIELD.JPG

California A-Mag Matches \Test 12\T-P-2013-01-22 TO 23 A-MAG Tmark.JPG

California E-Field Matches\Test 12\T-P-2013-01-22 TO 23 E-FIELD Tmark.jpg

E-Field 12 Hour Merge\Test 12\P&T-E-Field 12 hours G.jpg

E-Field 4-1/2 Hour Trend\Test 12\P-T 2013-01-22 to 23 E-Field c.jpg

Note: The above matches, are events that show up on large time spans. Lightning matches are usually only seen on charts with a time span of a few minutes.

Lightning Match Examples:

Scotland Example 1\Test 12\P-Lightning Match18-36-07.jpg

California Example 1\Test 12\T-Lightning Match 18 36 07.jpg

Scotland Example 2\Test 12\P-Lightning Match18-58-31.jpg

California Example 2\Test 12\T-Lightning Match 18 58 31.jpg

Scotland Example 3\Test 12\P-Lightning Match 20-52-29.jpg

California Example 3\Test 12\T-Lightning Match 20 52 29.jpg

Chart of Lightning Strikes (UK) \Test 12\T-Lightning Joint Test 12 Results v1.2.pdf

Note: On Chart, SC = Scotland, CA = California, E = Electric, M = Magnetic.

 

Joint Test 13 2013-02-06 to 07

Sensors Tested – E-Field & Aether-Magnetic

Circuit’s used - (Both sensors NOW use Long TC circuit with 10 uF capacitor on output)

E-Field Circuit \Circuits\efield021513.pdf

Aether-Magnetic Circuit \Circuits\amag021513.pdf

Duration of Test – 24 hour test

Purpose of Test – This test used higher resolution (1280X1024) images to find more matches.

Findings

1.       Match ups were found in all the sensors tested between both of our locations

Result Images

California Both Sensors\Test 13\T-Both-2013-02-06 TO 07.jpg

A-Mag Merged\Test 13\T&P-JOINT TEST 13-A-MAG-Merg-2013-02-06 TO 07.jpg

E-Field Merged\Test 13\P&T-Joint Test 13 E-Field 2013-02-06 to 07 c.jpg

California A-Mag Matches\Test 13\T&P-JOINT TEST 13-A-MAG-MARKS-2013-02-06 TO 07.JPG

Scotland A-Mag Matches\Test 13\P&T-A-Mag Matches.jpg

Scotland A-Mag Matches\Test 13\P&T-A-Mag 9-30 to 12-30 marked.jpg

California E-Field Matches\Test 13\T&P-JOINT TEST 13-E-FIELD-MARKS-2013-02-06 TO 07.JPG

Scotland E-Field Matches\Test 13\P&T-Joint Test 13 E-Field 2013-02-06 to 07 e.jpg

 

Joint Test 14 2013-02-19 to 21

Sensors Tested - E-Field, Aether-Magnetic, Op-Amp & Cad Coil in a vertical in an East / West position

Circuit’s used – E-Field, A-Mag, Cad Coil, all use 10 uF on output now. Op-Amp circuit gain increased. Op-Amp and E-Field circuits, now have a gain resistor aded to Velleman VM-110 boards.

E-Field Circuit \Circuits\efield021513.pdf

Aether-Magnetic Circuit \Circuits\amag021513.pdf

Op-Amp Circuit \Circuits\opamp021513.pdf

Caduceus Coil Circuit \Circuits\cad021513.pdf

Duration of Test 2 x 24 hour test

Purpose of Test

1.       To see if we can see the trend was saw in Test 13 and test the Op-Amp & Cad Coil sensor and look for match up’s (spikes) in our recordings.

2.       1000uf capacitor changed to 10uf capacitor on output of Cad Coil sensor.

Findings

1.       Match ups were found in all the sensors tested between both of our locations.

2.       There was a general trend in Day 2 of the Op-Amp sensor between both of our locations for about ¾ of the recording.

3.       There was a trend of 2 hours in the Day 1 E-Field recording

4.       We each chose one day to check for matches and trends.

Result Images

Day 1 - Scotland

Scotland-Overview of Recording\Test 14\Day 1\P-2013-02-19-ALL-SENSORS-GR.jpg

Scotland and California E-Field and A-Mag Sensors.Test 14 Day 1.jpg

California and Scotland Op-Amp and Cad-Coil Sensors Test 14 Day 1.jpg

Cad Coil Trend\Test 14\Day 1\P&T-Day 1 Cad Coil 2 G Marked.jpg

Cad Coil Matches\Test 14\Day 1\P&T-Day 1 Cad Coil G Marked.jpg

Op-Amp Matches\Test 14\Day 1\P&T-Day 1 Op-Amp G Marked.jpg

E-Field with 2 Hr Trend\Test 14\Day 1\T-P-2013-02-19-JOINT-TEST-14-E-FIELDMERGE-GR-Marked.jpg

A-Mag Matches\Test 14\Day 1\T-P-2013-02-19-JOINT-TEST-14-A-MAG MERGE-GR-Marked.jpg

 

Day 2 - California

California-Overview of Recording\Test 14\Day 2\T-2013-02-20-ALL-SENSORS-GR.jpg

A-Mag and E-Field Day 2\Test 14\Day 2\T-2013-02-20-A-MAG-E-FIELD-GR.jpg

Cad Coil and Op-Amp Day 2\Test 14\Day 2\T-2013-02-20-CAD-OP-AMP-GR.jpg

Cad Coil Matches\Test 14\Day 2\T-P-2013-02-20-JOINT-TEST-14-V-CAD MERGE-MARKED.jpg

Op-Amp Matches\Test 14\Day 2\T-P-2013-02-20-JOINT-TEST-14-OP-AMP MERGE-MARKED.JPG

E-Field Matches\Test 14\Day 2\T-P-2013-02-20-JOINT-TEST-14-E-FIELD MERGE-MARKED.JPG

A-Mag Matches\Test 14\Day 2\T-P-2013-02-20-JOINT-TEST-14-A-MAG MERGE-MARKED.JPG

 

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